Fourteen years before Walt Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs was premiered as the world's first feature-length animated film, work had begun on another "world's first" animated feature. It was 1923. Lotte Reiniger, a young German filmmaker, set out to create The Adventures of Prince Achmed, a film based on "The One Thousand and One Nights." However, rather than hand-drawing every frame of her characters, she cut-out silhouette paper puppets with movable joints.
Reiniger worked for three years on the film with her husband Carl Koch as well as animator Bertold and background artist Walter Rutman. "The paper cutouts were jointed using wires and delicately arranged on top of a lightbox, where it was photographed frame by frame." Source: ASIFA-Hollywood Animation Archive
An early example of a multiplane camera that was later developed by Walt Disney.
The film was finished in 1926 and featured a complete symphonic score by Wolfgang Zeller.
It was released in 2002 to DVD which also includes Lotte Reiniger: Homage to the Inventor of the Silhouette Film, a 60-minute documentary by Katja Raganelli.
In 2008, Lotte Reiniger, The Fairy Tale Films was released on PAL DVD in the UK and includes such classics as Cinderella, Sleeping Beauty, and The Frog Prince.